The Intercontinental Journal of Internal Medicine aims to publish issues related to all fields of internal medicine of the highest scientific and clinical value at an international level and accepts articles on these topics. This journal is indexed by indices that are considered international scientific journal indices (DRJI, ESJI, OAJI, etc.). According to the current Associate Professorship criteria, it is within the scope of International Article 1-d. Each article published in this journal corresponds to 5 points.

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Original Article
Bone density in patients with nonfunctional adrenal incidentaloma
Aims: Adrenal incidentalomas (AI) are adrenal masses that are detected incidentally in imaging studies performed for different reasons in people who do not have any complaints suggestive of adrenal gland disease. The overall prevalence, approximately just over 4%, increases with age. AI is detected in approximately 10% of people over the age of 70. In this context, we thought that CT imaging, which is already used in the diagnosis and follow-up of AI, can contribute to the evaluation of muscle and bone mass without creating additional costs.
Methods: In this retrospective study, 39 patients who were followed up with NFAI by the endocrinology department and 30 healthy individuals with normal adrenal imaging in the abdominal CT examination as the control group were included. Patients with chronic diseases or drug use that may affect bone and muscle mass, and individuals in the postmenopausal period were excluded in this study. Endocrine tests performed to exclude autonomous cortisol secretion, pheochromocytoma and primary hyperaldosteronism; VMA and fractionated metanephrines in 24-hour urine, cortisol values after 1 mg dexamethasone suppression test, baseline serum dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS) levels and plasma aldosterone (ng/dl)/renin (ng/ml/hour) ratio were measured. Autonomous cortisol production was excluded in patients with serum cortisol below 1.8 mcg/dl after 1 mg dexamethasone suppression.
Results: 39 patients with NFAI and 30 healthy volunteers participated in the study. In the NFAI group, 69.2% (n= 27) were female and 30.8% (n=12) were male. In the healthy control group 63.3% (n=19) of the people were female and 37.7% (n=11) were male. There was no statistically significant difference between the two groups in terms of gender (p=061). The mean age of the NFAI group is 43 and the mean age of the control group is 49, and there was no statistically significant difference in age between the two groups (p=0.06)
Conclusion: No decrease was found in BMD and paravertebral muscle mass values in the measurements made at L1-3 vertebral level with CT in NAFI patients. Further studies are needed in a larger patient population where the results are evaluated together with the femur and vertebral BMD measurements by DXA method, and muscle strength and performance are evaluated in addition to muscle mass in terms of sarcopenia.

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Volume 1, Issue 4, 2023
Page : 80-84