The Intercontinental Journal of Internal Medicine aims to publish issues related to all fields of internal medicine of the highest scientific and clinical value at an international level and accepts articles on these topics. This journal is indexed by indices that are considered international scientific journal indices (DRJI, ESJI, OAJI, etc.). According to the current Associate Professorship criteria, it is within the scope of International Article 1-d. Each article published in this journal corresponds to 5 points.

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Original Article
The relationship between albumin level and the development of acute kidney injury and mortality in critically COVID-19 patients
Aims: The impact of the Coronavirus Pandemic, which began in 2019, has considerably diminished; however, its effects still persist. While respiratory symptoms have been prominent during the pandemic, acute kidney disease has emerged as a significant contributor to morbidity and mortality. This study aims to demonstrate that serum albumin levels can serve as a predictor for acute kidney injury (AKI) and mortality, owing to their cost- effectiveness and feasibility for use across various healthcare centers. The goal is to contribute to the reduction of AKI development and mortality rates.
Methods: The study was conducted by analyzing data from a total of 350 patients admitted to intensive care units of a training and research hospital due to COVID-19 between March 1, 2020, and April 30, 2021. Of these patients, 179 (51%) were male, and 171 (49%) were female. The data were examined retrospectively. Patients were categorized into two groups based on serum albumin levels: ?2.5 mg/dl (severe hypoalbuminemia) and 2.5-3.5 mg/dl (mild hypoalbuminemia). Subsequently, the patients were further categorized into groups based on the presence or absence of AKI, and these groups were statistically compared. Demographic data, clinical information, and laboratory values of the patients were assessed. The diagnosis of acute kidney injury (AKI) was made according to KDIGO criteria. Data were compared using the SPSS version 24 software.
Results: Among the 350 patients included in the study, 115 had serum albumin levels ?2.5 mg/dl (severe hypoalbuminemia), and 235 had levels in the range of 2.5-3.5 mg/dl (mild hypoalbuminemia). Among those who developed AKI, the average albumin level was found to be 2.68 mg/dl, whereas in the group without AKI, the average albumin level was 2.76 mg/dl. Out of the total, 201 (57%) patients developed AKI, and 82% of them experienced mortality. In contrast, among the 149 (43%) patients who did not develop AKI, the mortality rate was 42%. Further subgroup analysis revealed the highest mortality rate of 88% among patients with severe hypoalbuminemia and AKI development. Conversely, the lowest mortality rate of 40% was observed in patients with mild hypoalbuminemia and no AKI.
Conclusion: This study aims to establish that low serum albumin levels should be regarded not only as a negative acute-phase reactant but also as a predictive factor for complications including acute kidney disease development and mortality. Lower albumin values are correlated with higher complication rates and increased mortality. Additionally, due to its widespread availability and low cost, serum albumin is a cost-effective diagnostic tool that can be utilized in almost any healthcare setting.

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Volume 2, Issue 1, 2024
Page : 7-11